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March, 2013 - The first migrants

The warm weather in February resulted the first observations in Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) in the Carpathian basin on February 21, 2013 when one individual was observed near Hódmezővásárhely (Hungary). This is an early data of their return from the wintering places. Further three single individuals were seen on March 7 in Nagybánhegyes (Hungary), on March 10 in Subotica (Serbia) and on March 11 in Požega (Serbia). In mid-March the winter conditions returned to the area but it did not stop the return of Barn Swallows. On March 14 in Budapest and on March 16 in Szeged there were further single individuals observed. White Storks (Ciconia ciconia) and Black Storks (C. nigra) also returned earlier this year from their wintering locations. The first data about White Stork arrival was recorded in Srpski Miletić when one individual was seen on his nest. Both stork species were observed on their nests with snow on it which is a rare phenomenon.

December, 2012 – The first record Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris in Sombor

During the regular autumn ringing of Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus at Bager Pond (UTM CR 57 22, northern periphery of town Sombor) on November 18, 2012 one individual of Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris was observed. The bird was seen in low flight at sunset from the direction of water-course Mostonga to the reed bed of Bager Pond. The day before (November 17, 2012) under similar conditions a bird with identical size and shape was seen but because of bad visibility it could not be determinate. We assume that the Eurasian Bittern spend the day at water-course Mostonga looking after food while the night he spend in the reed bed of Bager Pond. This species is actually frequent in large reed beds. This data is valuable for town Sombor because till now we did not possess information’s abut that the Eurasian Bittern was observed at such small reed bed (1.3 ha) in urban area.

November, 2012 – Large number of Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea in Sombor

During the regularly filed work in Sombor in autumn 2012 (September, October) large number of European Nuthatch Sitta europaea was recorded in the parks, park-forests and tree avenues on the territory of town Sombor. There were up to 28 (12-28) individuals observed which is actually four times more than in average years for this period of the year. more

According to previous data number of Eurasian Nuthatch varied between six and eight individuals in early autumn. For now we have got no information about that such an increase of number of these birds was recorded anywhere else. We assume that the breeding was successful in the forests of the floodplain area of the Danube and after the nesting season birds came to the area of the town, mainly because of food. The change of the number of this species will be observed also in the late autumn and winter period because it is to expect that that their number will increase with fall of air temperature. The Eurasian Nuthatch can be often observed together with Coal Tit Parus major and Blue Tit P. caeruleus.

October, 2012 – The first record of the European Otter Lutra lutra on the territory of town Sombor

On October 21, 2012 during the regularly fieldwork done on the territory of the town Sombor there was an European Otter Lutra lutra recorded in the bank area of the Veliki bački canal near Vrbara (UTM CR 56 27). According to the information we possess this is the first individual recorded on the territory of the town. Only two km northern from Sombor there was also an individual recorded in June, 2011 at Severna Mostonga near Nenadić (UTM CR 57 14). In our regions the European Otter is a protected species; the population shows a slight increase. If we consider that the last individual was killed in the 1950s near Bezdan, than this observation in Sombor is a valuable data.

August, 2012 – Results of Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus color ringing in Sombor municipality in 2012

The color marking of Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus is for the third year conducted in Sombor municipality (2010-2012), while the general monitoring for five years (2008-2012). The color ringing was done on 19 localities in 2012 on the entire territory of the municipality on three different habitat types: large canals, small melioration canals and ponds. During the mentioned season a total of 546 individuals were ringed (276 adult, 19 juvenile and 251 nestlings). From the total number of captured birds (312) 36 individuals already possessed color rings from the earlier years which is the evidence that some of the birds come back to the reed habitats on the territory of the municipality. more

It is important to say that the ringing of this species is not conducted during the autumn migration, only the breeding population is considered. We think that it is worth to mention that the small melioration canals found on the territory of the municipality are of extraordinary importance for the reproduction of the Great Reed Warbler. Ringing data also prove this statement because even 319 individuals (from 546) were ringed at this habitat type. In cooperation with the Water Management Company „Zapadna Bačka“ from Sombor there has been done a great progress in the conservation of this species on the territory of the municipality, which considers the prolongation of reed cut in the reproduction period on selected sections of the melioration canals (till August 1). Actually this is the first cooperation of this type in Serbia between a water management company and a nature protection society. This should be a paradigm in Serbia to other organization that it is possible to realize of both, aims of water management and nature conservation together. Since the begin of the autumn migration two individuals ringed on the territory of the municipality were recovered by other ringers; one in Apatin (Serbia) and one in Dávod (Hungary). The individual recovered in Hungary was the first Great Reed Warbler with a color ring banded in Serbia.

June, 2012. – Eco workshop: Characteristics and importance of water ecosystems in town Sombor

In collaboration with the „Klub za zaštitu i odgoj ptica (Club for bird protection and nurture), Sombor“ and biology teacher Stevan Zurković the NPSS – Natura organized an eco-workshop on May 25, 2012 at Veliki bački canal at the location Pik. This workshop was a part of the project which is entitled: Characteristics and importance of water ecosystems in town Sombor. The aim of this workshop was to involve the pupils of primary schools in the ecosystems of the Veliki bački canal in the urbanized area of the town, i.e. to get the basic knowledge of species that can be found at this habitat and to understand the connections between the trophical structures. The most interesting group where the birds because they could be easily spotted in flight and on water. The second part of the workshop will be organized in September, 2012 at Pond Bager. The project was supported by the assembly of town Sombor.

May, 2012. – The first record of the Black Kite (Milvus migrans) on the territory of town Sombor

On May 18, 2012 at the northern periphery of the town Sombor (UTM CR 57 33) an adult Black Kite (Milvus migrans). individual was observed. The bird circled relatively low from the top of the ground (ca 10 m). The Black Kite was occasionally annoyed by a Hooded Crow (Corvus cornix). This species can be observed eventually during migration on the territory of town Sombor. A few pairs breed in the forests of the floodplain area of the Danube but we do not poses a precise number of the nesting pairs in the area.

March, 2012 – International Eurasian Ornithological Congress 2012

Between April 12 and 15, 2012 the 4th International Eurasian Ornithological Congress will be held in Baja, Hungary. The aim of the Congress is to popularize the new trends, cognition and results of studies in ornithology. Beside the scientific program (symposiums, poster sections) there will be also opportunities to establish new contact with the participants of the meeting.

February, 2012. – Birds of Sombor in extraordinary winter conditions

Low temperatures and snow cover resulted not only generally extraordinary conditions in towns but in change in number of birds too. On bird feeders species richness and number of individuals increased. Most frequent guests were Finches (Fringilla coelebs) and Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla). There were also species recorded who visit feeders rarely; Reed Bunting (Emberiza schoeniclus), Crested Lark (Galerida cristata) and Linnet (Carduelis cannabina). more

The large number of passerines attracted the attention of birds of prey. The most numerous was the Sparrow Hawk (Accipiter nisus), whose number increased double times since the begin of cold and snowy weather. Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Buzzards (Buteo buteo) and Merlin (Falco columbarius) are also often observed.

The water course Mostonga near Apatinski road became one of the most important feeding places for water birds in this cold period because all other water habitats were frozen. In the first half of February there was Great White Egret (Egretta alba), Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis) and Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) recorded. An extraordinary found was the globally vulnerable Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus) and the Stock Dove (Columba oenas) at water course Mostonga. Both species were until February, 2012 not registered on the territory of town Sombor.

February, 2012. – Irresponsible reed burn

Unfortunately, we are every year confronted with the fact of reed burn in ponds, marsh and reed beds along the canals in February and March. Most of people are not informed that this is forbidden by law of nature protection and can have unpredictable consequences on animals which inhabit reed beds. Reed habitats are important for many animal species because they find here hiding places and food supply during autumn and winter. People who burn reed refer that they do burning because tick destroy. But it is well known that ticks do not inhabit reed stands. Ticks mainly live in grass and weed up to 1 meter. The NPSS – Natura appeals on the citizens not to burn reed beds and that they should forward this appeal to other inhabitants too. According to the legislative the penalty for legal persons is between 500.000 and 1.000.000 dinars while for physical persons this tax ranges between 5.000 and 30.000 dinars. The regulation of the reed stand is controlled by the water management companies. They cut reed in certain time intervals which is in accordance to the law. Members of NPSS – Natura recorded on February 2, 2012 that one of most important reed habitats of Sombor, Bager pond, was burned completely.

January, 2012 – The results of IWC in Western Bačka district

The IWC is one of the widespread and oldest bird censuses in the world. The first census was conducted in 1967 and our country, the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) joined to this action in 1982. From that date this census is relatively regularly conducted in our country. The aim of the IWC is to count the birds during January which stay on rivers, lakes, marshes and other type of water habitats, and to define the factors of disturbance which affect these birds. During the long year of counting we will be able to recognize the population movements of the species. Recording of important water bird habitats is also relevant because this is a way to appeal on the importance of the wintering locations for the birds. In 2012 the IWC has been organized by the Bird Protection and Study Society of Vojvodina, Novi Sad. Many volunteers with their NGO-s joined this action including NPSS – Natura too. The was held between January 14 and 22, 2012. Results of the IWC will be sent to the national coordinator who forwards them to the European coordinator. The IWC was completely done in in the Western Bačka district in 2012. A total of 5000 specimens were recorded within 33 species. The most interesting species was the Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus) while the Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)was the most common. more

Species were observed such the; Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) Great White Egret (Egretta alba), Coot (Fulica atra), Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) White-tailed Eagle(Haliaetus albicilla), Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus), Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula), Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope), Greater Scaup (Aythia marila), Bearded Reedling (Panurus biarmicus). Birds were counted; on the Danube River and floodplain area, on Danube-Tisa-Danube canal, on salty ponds around Stanišić and Riđica, on the lake near Čonoplja, at the town dump and on fishponds near Kolut, Srpski Miletić, Bezdan and Svilojevo. The most birds were counted on fish ponds near Svilojevo and Srpski Miletić.

However, there we noticed that birds were disturbed in different ways on the most of localities. This is a generally problem in entire Serbia, so birds must always move between habitats and use their energy which is anyway hard to preserve in the winter. In such condition birds are more sensitive to diseases and mortality increases too. Furthermore, this contributes that birds enter the reproduction period in a more bad condition.

The members of the IWC team were; Klarić Goran, Rajić Milan, the national coordinator of IWC in Slovenija Borut Štumberger, Magdalena Grahovac and Dejan Đapić. This census could not be completed without the help of managements of the fish ponds and Public Company Vojvodina šume.

December, 2011. - Wintering of Sparowhawk (Accipiter nisus) in Sombor

The Sparowhawk (Accipiter nisus) is not a breeding species in town Sombor but he is a regular winter guest and can be also seen during spring and autumn migration. During the field work last winter we recorded up to 15 individuals in the town. In winter 2011/2012 maximum 10 birds were registered. We assume that the mild weather is the reason because of the low number of individuals. Adult specimens are rarely ringed because these birds often escape out of the mist net. In the last three decades there were only two birds ringed on the territory of the town. On december 3, 2011 near Pond Bager one female was ringed.

October, 2011. - New records of Moustached Warbler (Acrocephalus melanopogon) on the territory of town Sombor

On June 21, 2011 and October 18, 2011 two juvenil Moustached Warbler (Acrocephalus melanopogon) was caught in a mist net on Bager Pond (see map) in the outskirts of town Sombor. This species was registered only once before (October 13, 2010) on the territory of the town. The Moustashed Warbler is a rare breeding species in Serbia – betveen 70 and 100 pairs. For nesting it uses large areas covered by reed and cattail but during migration it can be seen on small habitats too.

October, 2011. - The large number of roosting Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) at Bager Pond

During the regularly field work in October, 2011 in the northen perifery of town Sombor, at Bager Pond large number of Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) were registered. These birds visit tre reedbeds of Bager Pond because roosting. It is well known that Starlings use large reedbeds for roosting. But this appearance is a fenomenon because even 6000 birds stay for the night on such small area (1,3 ha). It was, also observed that Starlings come to drink water to this place.

June, 2011. - Monitoring of the Great Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) in Sombor municipality

On territory of Sombor municipality the local breeding population of Great Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) was monitored . Between April and July adult males and females were color ringed. The used color rings contain engraved caracters. This method of color ringing was successfuly used for larger bird species, like Gulls (Larus), Spoonbills (Platalea) and Herons (Ardea). Untill now there was another method of color ringing used for the Great Reed Warbler, when rings with different colors were put on both legs of the bird. The colors were always combined, so that their order was changed or a new ring with an other color was replaced. That method is inasmuch better than our new one because the colors can be better seen (if they differ clearly) than the code imprinted in the ring. But the method has two disadwantages, if we want to read the complete combination of the colors we need to see both legs of the bird, while in our method it is enough only one (right leg). The Great Reed Warbler often leans on one leg during their singing and so the reading of the colors is more difficult. The second disadvantage is that there is a very small range of combining colors, and the overlap in Europe became more frequent.

The color marking metod will give us good oportunities to follow the movements of the breeding population in Sombor and surroundings. At the moment this is the most best monitored area in Europe for Great Reed Warbler.

May, 2011. - Color ringing of Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) on the teritory of Vojvodina

During spring 2011 Spoonbills (Platalea leucorodia) were ringed near Čoka and at Bečej fishpond. Totally about 150 juvenil birds ringed. In this year there was another colony near Baranda but because if the high water level in the marsh ringing activity was not possible. During the ringing in Čoka one adult was recovered with Croatian ring (ringd in Slavonski Brod 2004). The project was funded by the german organisation Euronatur, and was realised by the members of NPSS Natura and Association of Naturalists „Riparia“. In this summer there was adult Spoonbill recovered in Germany and Swizerland at the same day. This bird flew over 100 km at that day. Speciment was ringed in 2009, in Serbia.

April, 2011 – Forum of marine tourism

On April 15 and 16, 2011 the Forum of marine tourism will be held in Bezdan (Serbia).The aim of this meeting is to enlive the waterways in this region (NW Bačka) which will contribute a better life and the staying of youth. The organisators are UN Dunavski propeler and TU Vikend, Bezdan in cooperation with Nature Protection and Study Society – Natura, Sombor and JP Vojvodinašume, Sombor. Regarding to this forum photo contest was announced with topic „Birds on water habitats of Gornje Podunavlje and Veliki bački kanal“. Photos should be sent to the following adress: (up to two pictures per author). Photos can be sent for the contest till April 10.

February, 2011 – Bird feeding action of Klub za zaštitu i odgoj ptica „Sombor“ and NPSS Natura

In corporation with the Klub za zaštitu i odgoj ptica „Sombor“ winter bird feeding action took place on the Veliki bački kanal near PIK on February 12, 2011. Seed mixiture was provided by the Klub za zaštitu i odgoj ptica „Sombor“. During the cold days in winter seed is excelent food for tits (Paridae) and finches (Fringillidae). For trushes there were apple fixed on branches. After bird-feeder were placed out the team of this action recorded a few interesting species on Veliki bački kanal and its banks; Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris), Common Coot (Fulica atra), Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes), Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo) and Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus).


The unusually high appearance of Tree-creeper (Certhia familiaris) in town Sombor during winter 2010-2011

During the regularly winter fieldwork in Sombor in December and January there was a larger number of Tree-creeper registered (Certhia familiaris). The species was mainly registered in Park-forests Šumica and Šikara. The Tree-creeper was also registere in habitats which are not characteristic for them (Štrand). During the reproduction season these birds firstly inhabit forests along the Danube River, while during hard and snowy winthers they come to urban areas, like town Sombor. However, it is assummed that the larger part of the wintering population of this species comes from the northen part of Europe. Similary like the relative species, the Short-toed Tree-creeper (Certhia brachydactyla). The Shor-toed Tree-creeper appears much lesser in Sombor the Tree-creeper, during the winter 2010-2011 the species was only once found. According to the observations in the last 30 years the Tree-creeper was registered and ringed in the town in 2000, 2001,2002 and 2010 (Mérő & Žuljević, 2010: Birds of Sombor), while in December 2010 it was recorded seven times. The data published about the Short-toed Tree-creeper in the monograph Birds of Sombor (Mérő & Žuljević, 2010), also show how rare this species in Sombor is where only one individuals was registered in the last three decades.

We presume that the Tree-creeper will stay during the whole winter (perhaps till end of March) on the territory of the town of Sombor. We can expect this species mainly in park-forests and parks of Sombor, but in it appears in rows of trees and in backyards where trees grow. Therefore, the morph of this species is very similar to the Short-toed Tree-creeper, so the best way to determinate the species if we take a picture or according to the call of the bird. The call of the two species differs. Calls and songs of birds can be easily downloaded from the web.


Biodiversity or biological diversity means an earnable variability of all living creatures, the differences between the ecosystems and among species which are a part of them, to the genetic variations in a species. The science which deals with biodiversity is ecology. The Convention of Biological Diversity was declared on June 13, 1992 in Rio de Janeiro on the United Nation Conference on Environment and Development.

On our planet now days there lives about 1.6 million registered animal and plant species. However, the scientists presume that the total number of species on Earth is larger and estimations say that this number is between 4.5 and 5 million. The assumption show that 50 species extinct per a day, while the process of rising one new species can last between 1 000 and 10 000 years.

The European Union set the aim that the decrease of the biological diversity in Europe should be stopped in 2010. That is why 2010 is the year of biodiversity. To presume that this goal was realised it is needed that the components of the biodiversity are reliable. Such a monitoring means data collection of species and their habitats. The day of biodiversity is May 22.

Serbia is not a member of the European Union, but we hope that there will be maximally done for the protection of biodiversity in our country too. We presume that most of the priority is the effective conservation of the remained natural habitats. It is not enough that an area is declared as protected on “paper”, it is also important that an adequate conservation is done in praxis. We assume that it is important to do on the realisation of this goal in our country too, to stop the extinction firstly of vulnerable species and their habitats.

Now days, one of the most divers habitats in the moderate zone are wetland habitats, which are also the most vulnerable in entire Europe, so in Serbia too. The development of agriculture and draining of swamps and marshland in Vojvodina the natural wetland habitats almost disappeared. One of the priorities of the European Union is the conservation and restoration of the wetland habitats. The Ramsar Convention declares the protection of wetlands on the entire world. The Ramsar Convention was declared on February 2, 1971 in the Iranian town Ramsar.

Ramsar areas in Serbia are: Gornje Podunavlje, Zasavica, Slano kopovo, Stari Begej – Carska bara, Labudovo okno, Ludaško jezero, Obedska bara, Peštersko polje, Vlasina.

The map of protected natural sources in Serbia.

October, 2010. – Bird feeding during winter

In the colder seasons of the year, like autumn, winter and early spring we can help the birds surviving by their feeding. For an activity like that it is only a little time and erfort needed, and the birds aprichiate that. The bird feeding in winter can be done almost everywhere. In parks, in backyards, on window sills etc. more

Memebers of the Nature Protection and Study Society – Natura in Sombor and suroundings started bird feeding with sunflower seeds. Bird feeding started already in October, and ends in March or April, depending how long is the duration of cold season. Most loyable and cheapest feeders are made from 2 liter plastic bottles. In the mid of the bottle a 7x7 cm opening should be cutted out (see photo). The feeder should be bind to a branch so, taht it is unreachable for predators. In such feeder its content does not get wet and its resistent for all kind of weather circumstances. Such feeder is mainly visited by Great Tit, Blue Tit, rearly by Greenfinch, Chaffinch, Brambling. For the last three species are better open feeders which can be bought in shops.

September 16, 2010- The promotion of the monograph “Birds of Sombor”

Over 100 people attended the promotion of the monograph “Birds of Sombor” of Thomas Oliver Mérő and Antun Žuljević which took in the large auditorium of the Town House on September 16, 2010. The sounds of the Japanese composition “Variations on Japanese Children’s Songs” (composed by Keiko Abe) performed by Milica Grubišić on the marimbaphone denoted the start of the promotion. The event was opened by Siniča Lazić, president of the Town Parliament. The authors presented the auditorium the content of the monograph and the methods used during the data collection. After the presentation questions were answered asked by the audience. The edition presents the avifauna of town Sombor, based on data collected during the last three decades. The book about the birds of Sombor is a highly acknowledgeble achievement, written in an interesting style, comprehensible and acceptable to a wide range of readers. The monograph presents a quantitative assessment of the avifauna of a town in Serbia for the first time and this affirms the importance of this work. The book was issued by the Nature Protection and Study Society – Natura. The project was financed by Gemeinde Gemeinsam Regionalkomitee Bodensee-Rhein, Romanshorn, Switzerland, Schweizerische Vogelwarte Sempach, Sempach, Switzerland, Nature Protection and Study Society – Natura, Sombor, Public Company VOJVODINAŠUME, Novi Sad, Public Communal Company ENERGANA, Sombor, Mrs. Margot Zweili and Mr. Patrik Attila Mérő.



January 17, 2010 - Placing up nest-boxes in Omladinski park

Members of Nature Protection and Study Society - Natura and pupils of elementary school “ Nikola Vukićević”, placed up nest-boxes in Omladinski park in Sombor. Nest-boxes have been made by children, their parents and teachers. more

Many bird species nest in burrows. Burrows are cavities in trees, which are originated during rotting of trunks and thicker arms of trees or are made by woodpeckers (Dendrocopos, Picus). In populated and agricultural areas there are not many trees which are old and thick enough for a burrow to be originated. In trees like these, even the woodpeckers have not got a chance to make a burrow. At the begin of every new breeding season the woodpeckers make new burrows, while the deserted are populated and used by other birds species like tits (Parus), sparrows (Passer), starlings (Sturnus), wryneck (Jynx) etc. If the woodpeckers have not got chances to make burrows, the mentioned bird species will not have where to breed. There are also species (tree-keepers Certhia) which do not use burrows, but they use shakes in timber, cavities originated by rotting. At many habitats (orchards, parks, gardens) there is plenty of food, but there are no adequate places for nesting. The deficit of natural burrows can be superseded by artificial burrows (houses). The artificial burrows can be of different sizes and configuration, in contingent upon which species it is about.

For the building of artificial burrows the best material is batten of 2.5 cm thickness and 15-20 cm wideness. From that material the artificial burrows are easily built and are durable. The burrows can be also built from trunks but it is much more difficult and they are not so durable. The houses should not be made from plywood, because it is not resistent for the different weather circumstances and is not durable. It does laps the water, which causes the mortality of eggs and chicks.

November 19 - The first record of the Little Bunting (Emberiza pusilla) in Serbia

During bird ringing in the reed of the pond Jezero kod Stanišića on the 19th of November 2009 in the net there was caught a young individual of Little Bunting (Emberiza pusilla). This species was not registered in Serbia yet. more

After the biometric datas and photographies of the bird were taken, the bird was ringed and let free. The bird was caught and ringed by Dejan Đapić, and the correction of the determination was veryfied by Ottó Szekeres, Ferenc Márton and Antun Žuljević.

This species breeds in the northeastern Europe and in north Asia in the tajga, while she spends the winter in south Asia. It comes very rarely in the Carpathian basin. In Croatia and Romania the species was not registered yet, but in Hungary twice.

October 03 - Weekend of BIRDWATCHING

Anent to the Birdwatching day (10.03.) in Europe, the Nature Protection and Study Society – Natura and the Ecological Movement Stanišić organized a field excursion for the children of elementary schools in Sombor. They observed over 20 birdspecies in the park-forest Šumica and along the bank of the Veliki Bački canal and water flow Mostonga, and recognized the phenomenon of the bird migration. In additionally the children recognized how important are the protection of nature and environment.

May 16 - Field excursion at the VBK

The Nature Protection and Study Society – NATURA organised a field excursion at the Veliki Bački canal near the Pik for the children of two primary schools of Sombor („21. oktobar“ i „Nikola Vukičević“) on the 16th of May 2009. The aim of the filed excursion was to present the children the habitats like the bank of the canal and the dam. First of all birds were observed.

It is very impotrtant to form in people and in children an ecological consciousness, to recognize our surroundings and to take care of. Forming a curative nature loving and conservation thinking, will bring our children the possibility to recognize the beautiness of the nature in their surrounding.

April 22 - The first meeting of the Nature Protection and Study Society – Natura (NPSSN)

On Wednesday, on the 22th of April 2009 the first meeting of the Nature Protection and Study Society – Natura (NPSSN) took place in the rooms of the Sombor Youth Boom in Sombor. On the first meeting ten members took part. The aim of the meeting was first of all, that the members learn knowing each other and their activities. Antun Žuljević and Thomas Oliver Mérő presented the work and participation within the Society and showed the participants the momentarily and planed activities. The major aims of the Society are the education of the citizens about nature and environment protection, and the study of biology and ecological needs of species.

Adratic Flayway (April, 14-17, 2009)

The ornithological conference in Ulcinj rallied ornithologysts from the ex Jugoslavija and Europe.
From 14th to 17 th of April 2009 the first Adriatic Flyway Conference took place in Ulcinj. The organiser was dr Martin Schneider-Jacoby from the german foundation „Euronatur”. The main sentence of the conference was, the importance of the wetlands of the adriatic flyway for the birds during their migration. The well organized conferece spent with interesting addictions, workshops, field journeys and with meeting of other collegaues from Europe. From Serbia there were nine participants who have shared in active for the conference, with posters and addictions on workshops... more

The opening of the conference took place at the townhall of Ulcinj. In the early morning hours of the next two days there was birdwatching organized at the Velika plaža and marshland around the Bojana delta. At late morning and early afternoon there took place interesting addittions, which thema was about the conservation of birds during the migration and their habitats, and the importance about the adriatic flyway and its wetlands. The posters could be seen during the breaks. From Serbia there were three posters set out with the folowing themes: The Importance of the Adriatic Flyway for the Great Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) during migration (done in cooperation with the Institute of Ornithology, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts and Szent István University from Hungary), International research of the Sand Martin (Riparia riparia) population in the Central Danube Floodplains (in cooperation with hungarian and croatian ornithologysts) and Importance of the temporary former flow of Western Mostonga River for birds during the autumn migration near Sombor (nw Serbia). In the afternoon programme of the conference there were workshops organised, with themes: management of migration routes, important bird areas, marking and recondition of birds. At the workshop where our ornithologysts took part, Marko Raković from the National Historic Musem from Belgrade presented the most important finidings, while Miloš Radaković presented the importance of the lake Gružanskog jezero for the birds during migration.

On the last day of the conference there was a field excursion held to the albanian side of the Skadar Lake and Bojana river. The journey was historical, because the ship traveled again after 50 years on the line Virpazar-Skadar. During the journey there were birds watched, but because the bad visibility less species were seen. In Albania we visited the special reserve Velipoje and the marshland at the former river bed of Bojana river. In the evening we went back to Skadar, to the castle Rosafa where the conference was closed. The participants of the conference came up with the Ulcinj declaration, which suggests about the need of bird protection during migration and the protection of habitats along the Adratic coast which are important to migrating birds.

Poster - Bregunica (Riparia riparia) (jpg - 2.15 MB)
Poster - Importance of Adriatic Flyway for the Great Reed Warbler (jpg - 351 KB)
Poster - Temporary former flow of the Western Mostonga River (jpg - 685 KB)

Publication "Birds of Sombor"

The autors of the book are Thomas Oliver Mérő and Antun Žuljević. Over 30 years the birds are observed and registered in Sombor. The appearance of the publication „Birds of Sombor“ will not just be give a better promotion to our town, but it will also avail as a good educational material and will motivate people in other towns too... more

…for an action like that. According to the preliminary researches, there was established that on the territory of Sombor there was found 147 bird species: 54 regulary breeder, 39 regulary guests and 54 unregulary guests and rare species. We assume that during the 30 year long period there had been collected a valuable material which deserves to be studied and published in a book. The fieldworks had been done trough the whole year, because the avifauna differs in each season. Regular observations and ringing of birds at different points in town resulted precision data about sizes of population and about their trends, locations where species can be found and interesting phenomenon for Sombor. Photos had been taken about all breeding species and all regular guests.

The censuses of birds and their presenting to the people trough a book like “Birds of Sombor” has an important role, because it is an important part of public communication, trough which citizens can learn the importance of birds in urban and suburban ecosystems. This book will have an important educational role for all citizens and for the people who come to visit Sombor, and will be interested in birds.
The publication is under construction. The appearence of the book can be expected in spring 2010.

Gemeinden Gemeinsam-Regionalkomitee Bodensee-Rhein

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